Macular Degeneration Specialist

Optom-Eyes Vision Care Optometry

Optometrists located in San Diego, CA & El Centro, CA

Macular degeneration is a leading cause of vision loss. Though it’s a painless condition, it can severely impact your day-to-day activities. The team at Optom-Eyes Vision Care Optometry in El Centro and San Diego, California, provides the most advanced treatment options to prevent the potentially devastating effects of macular degeneration. Call or go online today to start crafting your individualized treatment plan with an optometrist.

Macular Degeneration Q & A

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration (MD) occurs when the central portion of the retina — the part that captures the images we see — starts to deteriorate. This makes it difficult for the optic nerve to send visual information to the brain.

The macula, otherwise known as the central portion of the retina, focuses vision in the eye and controls our ability to read, drive, notice colors and faces, and identify the intricate details in our favorite works of art (for example).

There are two types of MD:

Dry MD

Dry MD is the most common type of and occurs when the macula starts to thin. This can lead to:

  • Distortions in your vision
  • Reduced central vision
  • A blurriness of printed word
  • Difficulty recognizing faces

Dry MD typically progresses over time and can turn into wet MD.

Wet MD

Wet MD occurs when blood vessels grow under the macula and start to leak. Though this type is less common, it can still exhibit troublesome symptoms, such as:

  • Enhance visual distortions
  • Reduced central vision in both eyes
  • Distinct blurry spot/blind spot in your field of vision
  • Haziness in your overall vision
  • Abrupt and quickly worsening symptoms

What are the stages of macular degeneration?

There are three stages of macular degeneration:

Early MD

You suffer from early MD if your optometrist finds medium-sized yellow deposits beneath the retina.  

Intermediate MD

You might experience some vision loss if you suffer from intermediate MD, and notice more substantial deposits and pigment changes in the retina.

Late MD

Late MD causes vision loss. This is the last stage of the condition and can lead to serious complications. Contact the team at Optom-Eyes Vision Care Optometry immediately to learn more about what you can do if you have trouble seeing.

Who is at risk of macular degeneration?

Certain people are more likely to develop macular degeneration. You are more at risk with any of the following:  

  • Diet high in saturated fat
  • Overweight
  • Cigarettes
  • 50 years or older
  • A family history of MD
  • Caucasian

How do you treat macular degeneration?

There’s no known cure for macular degeneration, though its symptoms can be managed. Your optometrist at Optom-Eyes Vision Care Optometry can help you develop a healthy lifestyle and give you advice on how to limit your exposure to potentially damaging ultraviolet light.

To learn more about macular degeneration and what you can do to both prevent and live with it, contact Optom-Eyes Vision Care Optometry today by phone or online.