Glaucoma affects more than 3 million Americans each year. It’s one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States. The team at Optom-Eyes Vision Care Optometry specializes in providing men and women living in or around El Centro and San Diego, California, a state-of-the-art glaucoma evaluation to prevent and treat the condition. Schedule an appointment by phone or online today to get your evaluation and prevent irreversible complications.
Glaucoma is an optical disease that occurs when too much fluid builds in the front of your eyes. The surplus of fluid leads to added pressure in your eye and damages the optic nerve. This can often lead to blindness.
There are four primary types of glaucoma:
This is the most common type of glaucoma. Chronic open-angle glaucoma occurs when the drainage system in your eye that keeps excess fluid out starts to falter. As a result, pressure builds in the eye and damages the optic nerve.
Normal tension glaucoma is an unusual type of the condition that occurs when a normal pressure in the eye causes sensitivity. Patients suffering from this are most likely reactive to normal levels of pressure.
Acute angle-closure glaucoma occurs when the drainage system in your eye is completely blocked. This requires immediate medical care, as the pressure build-up in your eye can lead to severe complications, including blurred vision, nausea, and halo sightings.
Secondary glaucoma is a result of another eye condition or disease, like inflammation, that causes pressure to build. The cause of glaucoma is often unknown. In these cases, there is an identifiable cause.
The team at Optom-Eyes Vision Care Optometry believes that early glaucoma detection is critical to finding the best treatment and prevention. A glaucoma evaluation can include any of the following:
Tonometry measures the pressure in your eye. Using a tonometer, your practitioner directs a puff of air against your eye to measure your cornea’s resistance to indentation.
Ophthalmoscopy looks at the back part of your eye. In a glaucoma evaluation, ophthalmoscopy tests the color and shape of your optic nerve to determine if your visual field is normal.
Using a contact lens fitted with a mirror, your optometrist at Optom-Eyes Vision Care Optometry displays the angle between your iris and cornea to look for signs of blockage or closure of the drainage system.
Unfortunately, there’s no known cure for glaucoma. However, it’s possible to regulate the progression of the disease and manage your pressure levels.
Your optometrist at Optom-Eyes Vision Care Optometry might recommend:
To schedule a comprehensive glaucoma evaluation, reach out to Optom-Eyes Vision Care Optometry today by phone or online.